This question is linked with that of bureaucracy in the Party and the Soviets.Let us answer both questions in turn. The trade union, through its leadership, bargains with the employer on behalf of union members ( rank and file members) and negotiates labour contracts ( collective bargaining) with employers. In the process, the interests of workers and their aspirations have been totally neglected. The Trade Unions Act, 192, did not go for recognising a representative union.
As a result multiple unions have cropped up, often with blessings from management and outsiders. The union finances have not been very sound in the beginning. The average membership figures for each union remain Some of the major problems faced by trade unions in India are as follows: 1. Small Size 2. Poor Finance 3. Politicisation 4. Multiplicity the trade unions their role and problems Unions trqde.
Lack of Enlightened Labour Force. To quote there were 9,023 trade unions submitting returns during the year 1992. The total membership of these unions was 57.4 lakhs, with an average membership of 32 per union. Nearly three-fourths of the unions have a membership of less than 500. Smallness in size of the union implies, among other things, weakness in bargaining power.
2. Poor Ad size of unions has its direct bearing on its financial health.
The trade unions their role and problems